Drugindustrial Raw Materials

All drug-technical material is divided into groups of five criteria: 1. Origin. On this basis all the drug-industrial raw materials is divided into two major groups: plant (herbs, flowers, roots, bark and other plant parts) and animal origin, which consists of living organisms (Spanish fly), or separate bodies of animals (deer antlers). Representatives of this group are used mainly in medicine, and and in industry. 2.

Harvested part. Medicinal substances are found in various parts of the plant (root, bark, leaves, buds, etc.). Therefore used as a rule, not the entire plant, and parts of it. From this point of drug-industrial raw materials are divided into: roots, rhizomes, tubers (sweet flag, marshmallow, nard, burdock, dandelion, fern, etc.) as an opportunity to clean pads for equipment for clean pillows buds (oak, willow, spruce, poplar, etc.), bark (oak, willow, larch, spruce, viburnum), leaves (lingonberries, nettle, coltsfoot, primrose, plantain, yarrow), grass (Adonis, St. John's wort, lily of the valley, Artemisia, violet, celandine), flowers (lily of the valley, linden, primrose, chamomile, immortelle, cornflower blue, etc.), fruits, berries and seeds (aniseed, hawthorn, raspberry, currant, thyme, rose, cherry, etc.), spores, fungi, etc. (ergot, gum, etc. etc.). 3.

The active principle. Depending on the active the beginning of his raw materials containing classified into: alkaloids (belladonna, Motherwort, celandine, cinchona bark), glycosides (Adonis, ginseng, lily of the valley, mother and stepmother, Viburnum bark) Tannins (St. John's wort, spruce bark, willow, oak, lingonberry leaves) Essential Oils (valerian, bay laurel, chamomile, etc.), vitamins (nettle, primrose, currants, mountain ash, wild rose). 4. Physiological effects. Need cleaning pads. As pressures on the the human body, medicinal raw materials are divided into: calm the nervous system (valerian, belladonna, datura, Motherwort) used in cardiovascular diseases (Adonis, lily of the valley, hawthorn) is used for gastro-intestinal diseases (dandelion, plantain, marshmallow, wormwood) styptic (barberry, plantain, nettle, etc.) used for metabolic disorders (aloe, ginseng, bilberry leaf, etc.). 5. The use of industry. On this basis divided by the raw materials used: in the various sectors of the food industry (clover, anise, St. John's wort, soap root, mint, tarragon, thyme, chicory) in the cosmetic industry (mint, chamomile, almond bitter, rose, sage, quince seed, etc.) in the paint, printing, leather, and the restoration of textile, metallurgical industries (immortelle, serpentine, willow, stinging nettle, bark, spruce, larch, fruit bark of walnut, sweet flag, roots kolyuchelistnika, lycopodium).