The gynecological cancer more aggressive and lethal of all the gynecological tumors, even so less frequent than the cancer of the col of the uterus. It is found related to the breast and to the endometrium, it is an urban illness. It is difficult of being diagnosed, and about 3/4 of the tumors they are presented in advanced period of training at the moment of the initial diagnosis, acomete 25% of the women with less than 40 years of idade.FATORES OF RISK: hormones, environment, greasy diet, women with difficulties to engravidar, familiar history of breast cancer, relative in first degree with ovrio cancer, about 90% of the ovarianos tumors they are sporadical, that is, they do not present factor of recognized risk. About 10% they present a genetic or familiar component. The presence of cysts in the ovrio, sufficiently common between the women, does not have to be reason for panic, only exists when they are greaters that 10cm.PREVENO: It is practically inexistent, however women must be intent to the risk factors and to consult its doctor regularly, mainly the women above of 50 years.
The call gynecological preventive examination (Papanicolau) does not detect the cancer of ovrio.TRATAMENTO: Surgery, x-ray, chemotherapy, hormonioterapia, depending on the estadiamento of the tumor, age and clinical conditions of the patient, and if the tumor it is initial or recurrent. If the illness will be detected at the beginning – especially in the women youngest – is possible to only remove the ovrio afetado.ASPECTOS PSYCHOLOGICAL: In if treating to gynecological tumors, as of ovrio, many psychic aspects are had to be considered as on to the feminilidade, agency of reproduction, maternity, etc. Thus, the psychological support must focar these nuances and make to see to the patient others as many alternatives for one better quality of life. Suely Bischoff Axe of Oliveira sbischoff@ itelefonica.com.br Psychologist CRP 06/8495 After grad.por the Hosp.de a.C.Camargo Cancer.