Tag Archives: construction of life

Drugindustrial Raw Materials

All drug-technical material is divided into groups of five criteria: 1. Origin. On this basis all the drug-industrial raw materials is divided into two major groups: plant (herbs, flowers, roots, bark and other plant parts) and animal origin, which consists of living organisms (Spanish fly), or separate bodies of animals (deer antlers). Representatives of this group are used mainly in medicine, and and in industry. 2.

Harvested part. Medicinal substances are found in various parts of the plant (root, bark, leaves, buds, etc.). Therefore used as a rule, not the entire plant, and parts of it. From this point of drug-industrial raw materials are divided into: roots, rhizomes, tubers (sweet flag, marshmallow, nard, burdock, dandelion, fern, etc.) as an opportunity to clean pads for equipment for clean pillows buds (oak, willow, spruce, poplar, etc.), bark (oak, willow, larch, spruce, viburnum), leaves (lingonberries, nettle, coltsfoot, primrose, plantain, yarrow), grass (Adonis, St. John's wort, lily of the valley, Artemisia, violet, celandine), flowers (lily of the valley, linden, primrose, chamomile, immortelle, cornflower blue, etc.), fruits, berries and seeds (aniseed, hawthorn, raspberry, currant, thyme, rose, cherry, etc.), spores, fungi, etc. (ergot, gum, etc. etc.). 3.

The active principle. Depending on the active the beginning of his raw materials containing classified into: alkaloids (belladonna, Motherwort, celandine, cinchona bark), glycosides (Adonis, ginseng, lily of the valley, mother and stepmother, Viburnum bark) Tannins (St. John's wort, spruce bark, willow, oak, lingonberry leaves) Essential Oils (valerian, bay laurel, chamomile, etc.), vitamins (nettle, primrose, currants, mountain ash, wild rose). 4. Physiological effects. Need cleaning pads. As pressures on the the human body, medicinal raw materials are divided into: calm the nervous system (valerian, belladonna, datura, Motherwort) used in cardiovascular diseases (Adonis, lily of the valley, hawthorn) is used for gastro-intestinal diseases (dandelion, plantain, marshmallow, wormwood) styptic (barberry, plantain, nettle, etc.) used for metabolic disorders (aloe, ginseng, bilberry leaf, etc.). 5. The use of industry. On this basis divided by the raw materials used: in the various sectors of the food industry (clover, anise, St. John's wort, soap root, mint, tarragon, thyme, chicory) in the cosmetic industry (mint, chamomile, almond bitter, rose, sage, quince seed, etc.) in the paint, printing, leather, and the restoration of textile, metallurgical industries (immortelle, serpentine, willow, stinging nettle, bark, spruce, larch, fruit bark of walnut, sweet flag, roots kolyuchelistnika, lycopodium).

Clean Water

Why do we need clean water? The body needs water – it is no substitute. Water – the most necessary for the body nutrient. It not only dissolves all the minerals, proteins, starch and other soluble components in it, and then scatters them throughout the body in the blood, but also generates energy. Why do I need chlorine? The mechanism of action of chlorine disinfection studied well enough. It is the oxidation of organic matter bacterial cells, coagulation, and damage to its hull, inhibition and denaturation of enzymes, which leads to the death of the bacteria. Today the main use two methods of chlorination: prehlorirovanie and posthlorirovanie. Goal prehlorirovaniya – pre-treatment before the water treatment facilities to improve or facilitate its further purification.

Prehlorirovanie in case of deterioration of water quality on bacteriological, unpleasant odors flavors should be higher doses. Free active chlorine in most cases provides a significant improvement in water quality due to active oxidation of organic substances. The method of pre-chlorination posleperelomnymi doses commonly used in water treatment practice (Kiev, Nikolaev, Vinnitsa, Dnepropetrovsk, etc.). Posthlorirovanie used for water disinfection which is the final stage of water purification. Posthlorirovanie carried out in small doses, ensuring the presence of residual chlorine after the clean water reservoirs at the level of the requirements of GOST. Without any disinfection in city water is necessary. Spring floods are in the mud ponds that had accumulated in the snow, the solutions of fertilizers, herbicides. In the autumn the same thing happens because of rain: salvo emissions from factories, oil spill and its derivatives, accidental discharges of sewage water is converted into solutions of chemicals regardless of the season.