Robinia pseudoacacia L. – False acacia Sam. Fabaceae (Leguminosae) – Bean description. A tree, 15-20 m tall, bark greyish-black, longitudinally cracked; young branches Maslinovo-green to reddish-brown. Leaves imparipinnate, 7-21 elliptic or ovate leaves on short stalks, green top, bottom, gray-green. The flowers are white, gathered in many-flowered, drooping inflorescences botryoidal.
Corolla white. Fruit – oblong, flattened laterally, dark brown to black and brown bean-shaped pod with 4-10 seeds. It flowers in May. Distribution. Widely cultivated in gardens, parks, stretches of highway and rail routes to strengthen them against erosion, honey plant, etc. Homeland acacia – North America. Raw materials. Flowers (Flores Acaciae), bark (Cortex Acaciae) and leaves (Folia Acaciae).
Content. In the flowers – an essential oil containing geliotropin, metilantranilat and other flavonoids, tannins, in the leaves – flavonoids and their glycosides (Akatsetin, akatsiin, Robin) in the cortex – siringovaya acid, in the wood – flavonoids – (up to 5% digidrorobinetina. Robinetin and others, tannins). The main action. Expectorant, laxative. Experimental data. The influence of 20% broths, ethereal and alcoholic extracts from the flowers of acacia on blood pressure in cats. It is established that an extract of the broth and have a hypotensive effect, and low blood pressure reaches about 20% of baseline and lasts about 20 minutes. Observed in experiments on rats, that a decoction of the flowers of acacia is a diuretic effect. Empirical data. In folk medicine, flowers and leaves of the acacia is used as an expectorant, antispasmodic and diuretic. Acacia bark in small doses is used in hyperacidity, ulcers of stomach and intestines and constipation, but it must be under the supervision of a physician as the raw material contains highly toxic component – toksalbumin. Acacia is known in Europe since the XVII century as a laxative. Decoction of the leaves (12 g per 500 ml of boiling water) has a very pronounced choleretic effect. Locust resembles Senna action. The bark of the roots can replace the roots likviritsii (licorice). Alcohol extract of young leaves and twigs of acacia can be used for increased acidity of gastric juice. Other authors have noted that leaves, bark and roots of the acacia tree is dangerous to assign to intake, because of their toxicity. The flowers are considered safe. However, there is evidence that when consumed in large amount of food fresh flowers, come headache, nausea and vomiting. Method of application. 12 grams of flowers per 500 ml of water to boil 3 minutes to drink a 10 ml three times daily before meals. Medicinal plants and traditional methods of treatment – Recipes home treatment