The exclusion criteria had been: articles that the Portuguese language did not have and the ones that do not possuam given that it based the considered objectives previously. This theoretical survey was basic to understand the subject boarded, in lower court was made a exploratria reading with the intention to evidence if the searched workmanships are of relevance for the research. After this exploratria reading was made an election of 25 found articles, where only 16 of these articles had been used. 3.DESENVOLVIMENTO 3.1. TO IDENTIFY TO THE CARES GIVEN TO A RN IN VENTILATION MECHANICS IN A UTI NEONATAL It is in a UTI where if it concentrates the main resources, human beings and materials, necessary to the support of the vital functions to the patient who if finds critic, whom she needs intensive assistance.
The patient attended in a UTI comes since the just-been born one until the adult. For Takahashi (1985) the Unit of Intensive Therapy UTI centers the sick people in critical state, in the attempt to improve the assistance they given. For in such a way, in these Units, the human resources and material must be articulated of form to be adequate to the treatment of these patients. With this, these units provide to greaters possibilities of recovery of lives human beings, constituting if, however in estressantes environments, as much for the patients how much for the workers who act in this unit (RASP, 1993; GOMES, 1988). The UTIN is the place where they are received just-been born (RN) premature that it does not have capacity to establish the life support, in which they receive appropriate the medical cares and from nursing to its recovery and its development, and also will count on machines and equipment, that in the first days of life, will guarantee the vital functions to it.